Published On: Mon, Jan 6th, 2014
Published in Category: Terrorism

Pakistan witnesses 9pc surge in terrorist attacks in 2013

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ISLAMABAD: Pakistan have observed nine percent reported increase of terrorist attacks in 2013 as compared to 2012 while number of people killed and injured in these attacks increased by 19 percent and 42 percent, respectively.

Militant, nationalist insurgent and violent sectarian groups carried out a total of 1,717 terrorist attacks across Pakistan in 2013, claiming the lives of 2,451 people and causing injuries to another 5,438 people.

This was revealed in Pakistan security report 2013, produced and released by an Islamabad-based research institute Pak Institute for Peace Studies (PIPS) on Sunday.

“A downward trend in the number of overall incidents of violence, which had started in 2010 and continued in the two subsequent years, could not persist in 2013,” report said.

According to the PIPS report, the major actor of instability in the country in 2013 was the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), an alliance of numerous militant groups and commanders, TTP proved lethal in 2013 as it carried out 645 terrorist attacks in 50 districts across the country, claiming the lives of 732 civilians and 425 security forces personnel.

While the overall incidents of sectarian violence, including sectarian-related attacks and clashes, posted a slight increase in 2013 as compared to 2012, the number of people killed and injured in these incidents significantly increased.

The number of suicide attacks across the country rose by 39 percent, with 46 suicide attacks in 2013 compared to 33 in 2012.

As many as 18 (39 percent) out of the total suicide attacks in 2013 were recorded in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, 12 in Federally Administrated Tribal Areas (FATA), nine in Balochistan, five in Sindh and one each in Rawalpindi and Azad Kashmir.

Of the total, 34 suicide attacks were perpetrated by the TTP and other similar militant groups, nine were sectarian-related mainly carried out by Lashkar-e-Jhangvi and one suicide blast was carried out by nationalist insurgents.
Another two attacks were carried out in inter-militant clashes.

US drone strikes in Pakistan’s tribal areas registered a 31 percent decrease in 2013 compared to the previous year and fatalities in these attacks also fell by 39 percent.

Out of 31 reported drone attacks in 2013, as many as 24 struck militants and their hideouts in North Waziristan Agency (NWA).

Five drone strikes were reported in South Waziristan, and one each in Khyber Agency and Hangu, a settled district of KP.

The number of overall cross-border attacks and clashes increased in 2013, particularly along Pak-India border (including the Line of Control and the working boundary), but the casualties in these attacks decreased.

Most of the cross-border attacks and clashes (68, or 66 percent) were reported from Pakistan’s border with India; 26 and nine attacks, respectively, were reported from Pakistan’s borders with Afghanistan and Iran.

On the whole, 103 border attacks and clashes were reported from Pakistan’s borders with Afghanistan, India and Iran, which were 30 percent more than such incidents in 2012.

As many as 59 Pakistani citizens including personnel of security forces and civilians lost their lives in these incidents, 82 percent less than the killings in such incidents in 2012.

The incidents of ethno-political violence in Pakistan increased by 22 percent, from 183 in 2012 to 224 in 2013, but the fatalities in these incidents slightly decreased from 288 in 2012 to 283 in 2013.

While most incidents of ethno-political violence in 2013 were concentrated in Karachi (over 81 percent), such incidents were reported from a total of 28 districts in all four provinces of Pakistan.

Despite a decrease in fatalities in 2013 in the overall incidents of violence, the number of civilians killed in these incidents increased by 16 percent and of civilians injured by 34 percent.
However, the number of militants killed in 2013 in overall incidents of violence declined by 28 percent.

Fatalities among security forces personnel also modestly decreased, by almost two percent.
Pakistan Security Report 2013 endorsing the establishment of the Cabinet Committee on National Security (CCNS) has recommended expansion in its role from a consultative and decision-making body to implementing and monitoring secretariat of National Security Initiatives (NSI).
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